Old 11-22-2016, 12:44 AM
CodeGroundOnlineTests CodeGroundOnlineTests is offline
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Join Date: Nov 2016
Posts: 8
Default Count Inversions

What is an inversion?
Let A be an array of n distinct numbers. If i < j and A[i] > A[j], then the pair (i, j) is called an inversion of A.
For example, the array {2,3,8,6,1} has 5 inversions: (2,1) (3,1) (8,6) (8,1) and (6,1)
Trivial Solution to count the number of inversions in an array
countInversions = 0;
for i = 1 to N
** for j = i+1 to N
****** if(A[i] > A[j])
*********** countInversions++;

The overall time complexity for this approach is*O(n^2)
Using Merge Sort to count the number of inversions in O(n logn) time
The approach using Merge Sort to count the number of inversions is detailed in this blog post ( https://codeground.in/blog/index.php...s-in-an-array/ ).

Was this useful? If you’re interested, you can read more about more such puzzles for Tech Interviews ( https://codeground.in/blog/index.php...iew-questions/ )or you can take do some online programming challenges ( https://codeground.in/screening-test...-contests.html )
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